Texas Rules of Civil Procedure
Texas Rules of Civil Procedure lay down the rules that should be followed by Texas state courts. The rules govern civil actions. The rules are promulgated for a just, fair, equitable and impartial adjudication of the rights of litigants under established principles of substantive law by the state courts. In Texas a civil action commences with the filing of a petition. A party who commences the action is called the plaintiff, and the opposite party is called the defendant. A civil action can be classified into various stages that include: pleading stage, discovery stage, trial stage, and judgment stage.
Pleadings in Texas courts include petitions and answers to petitions. Parties my obtain discovery by oral examination or written questions; written interrogatories; requests for admission; and physical and mental examinations.
At the trial stage, a party may demand for trial by jury with a written request.