Nebraska Rules of Evidence


The Nebraska Evidence Rules apply to the courts in the State of Nebraska including Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, district courts, county courts, and juvenile courts.  The rules govern proceedings in the courts of the State of Nebraska, except to the extent and with the exceptions stated in section 27-1101.  The rules apply generally to all civil and criminal proceedings, including contempt proceedings except those in which the judge may act summarily.  However, the rules with respect to privileges apply at all stages of all actions, cases, and proceedings.  The rules, other than those with respect to privileges, do not apply in situations such as:

  • Proceedings before grand juries;
  • Proceedings for extradition or rendition; preliminary examinations or hearings in criminal cases; sentencing or granting or revoking probation; issuance of warrants for arrest, criminal summonses, and search warrants; and proceedings with respect to release on bail or otherwise;
  • Contested cases before an administrative agency; or
  • Proceedings before the Nebraska Workers’ Compensation Court or the Small Claims Court.

Table of Contents of Nebraska Rules of Evidence

CHAPTER 27. COURTS; RULES OF EVIDENCE

    ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    § 27-101. Rule 101. Scope 

    § 27-102. Rule 102. Purpose and construction 

    § 27-103. Rule 103. Rulings on evidence; effect of erroneous ruling; objection; offer of proof; record of offer and … 

    § 27-104. Rule 104. Preliminary questions; questions of admissibility, generally; relevancy conditioned on fact; … 

    § 27-105. Rule 105. Limited admissibility 

    § 27-106. Rule 106. Remainder of or related writings or recorded statements; action of judge 

    ARTICLE 2. JUDICIAL NOTICE

    § 27-201. Rule 201. Judicial notice of adjudicative facts; kinds of facts; when discretionary; when mandatory; … 

    ARTICLE 3. PRESUMPTIONS

    § 27-301. Rule 301. Presumptions in general 

    § 27-302. Rule 302. Applicability of federal law in civil cases 

    § 27-303. Rule 303. Presumptions in criminal cases; scope; submission to jury; instruction to jury 

    ARTICLE 4. RELEVANCY AND ITS LIMITS 

    § 27-401. Rule 401. Relevant evidence, defined 

    § 27-402. Rule 402. Relevant evidence admissible; exceptions; irrelevant evidence inadmissible 

    § 27-403. Rule 403. Exclusion of relevant evidence; reasons 

    § 27-404. Rule 404. Character evidence; not admissible to prove conduct; exceptions; evidence of other crimes, … 

    § 27-404. Rule 404. Character evidence; not admissible to prove conduct; exceptions; evidence of other crimes, … 

    § 27-405. Rule 405. Method of proving character; reputation or opinion; specific instances of conduct 

    § 27-406. Rule 406. Habit; routine practice; admissibility; method of proof 

    § 27-407. Rule 407. Subsequent remedial measures 

    § 27-408. Rule 408. Compromise and offers to compromise 

    § 27-409. Rule 409. Payment of medical and similar expenses 

    § 27-410. Rule 410. Guilty plea; nolo contendere; offered plea; withdrawn plea; inadmissible; exceptions 

    § 27-411. Rule 411. Liability insurance 

    § 27-412. Sex offense cases; relevance of alleged victim’s past sexual behavior or alleged sexual predisposition … 

    § 27-413. Offense of sexual assault, defined [Operative January 1, 2010] 

    § 27-414. Criminal use; evidence of similar crimes in sexual assault cases [Operative January 1, 2010] 

    § 27-415. Civil case; evidence of crimes in sexual assault cases [Operative January 1, 2010] 

    ARTICLE 5. PRIVILEGES  

    § 27-501. Rule 501. Privileges recognized only as provided 

    § 27-502. Rule 502. Omitted. 

    § 27-503. Rule 503. Lawyer-client privilege; definitions; general rule of privilege; who may claim privilege; … 

    § 27-504. Rule 504. Physician-patient privilege; professional counselor-client privilege; definitions; general rule … 

    § 27-505. Rule 505. Husband-wife privilege; general rule of privilege; definitions; waiver; criminal cases; … 

    § 27-506. Rule 506. Communications to clergyman; definitions; general rule of privilege; who may claim privilege 

    § 27-507. Rule 507. Political vote; privilege 

    § 27-508. Rule 508. Trade secrets; privilege; protective measures 

    § 27-509. Rule 509. Secrets of state and other official information; general rule of privilege; who may claim … 

    § 27-510. Rule 510. Identity of informer; rule of privilege; who may claim; exceptions; informer a witness; … 

    § 27-511. Rule 511. Waiver of privilege by voluntary disclosure 

    § 27-512. Rule 512. Privileged matter disclosed under compulsion or without opportunity to claim privilege 

    § 27-513. Rule 513. Comment on or inference from claim of privilege improper; jury instruction 

    ARTICLE 6. WITNESSES 

    § 27-601. Rule 601. General rule of competency 

    § 27-602. Rule 602. Lack of personal knowledge; witness may not testify; evidence 

    § 27-603. Rule 603. Oath or affirmation 

    § 27-604. Rule 604. Interpreters 

    § 27-605. Rule 605. Competency of judge as witness 

    § 27-606. Rule 606. Competency of juror as witness; at the trial; inquiry into the validity of verdict or indictment 

    § 27-607. Rule 607. Who may impeach 

    § 27-608. Rule 608. Evidence of character and conduct of witness; opinion and reputation evidence of character; … 

    § 27-609. Rule 609. Impeachment by evidence of conviction of crime; general rule; time limit; effect of pardon, … 

    § 27-610. Rule 610. Religious beliefs or opinions 

    § 27-611. Rule 611. Mode and order of interrogation and presentation; control by judge; scope of cross-examination; … 

    § 27-612. Rule 612. Writing used to refresh memory; rights of adverse party; matters unrelated; preservation for … 

    § 27-613. Rule 613. Prior statements of witnesses; examining witness concerning prior statement; extrinsic evidence … 

    § 27-614. Rule 614. Calling an interrogation of witnesses by judge; objections 

    § 27-615. Rule 615. Exclusion of witnesses; exceptions 

    ARTICLE 7. OPINION AND EXPERT TESTIMONY

    § 27-701. Rule 701. Opinion testimony by lay witnesses; when 

    § 27-702. Rule 702. Testimony by experts; when 

    § 27-703. Rule 703. Bases of opinion testimony by experts; when revealed; admissibility 

    § 27-704. Rule 704. Opinion on ultimate issue 

    § 27-705. Rule 705. Disclosure of facts or data underlying expert opinion 

    § 27-706. Rule 706. Judge appointed experts; procedure; compensation; disclosure of appointment; parties may call … 

    ARTICLE 8. HEARSAY

    § 27-801. Rule 801. Definitions; statement, declarant, hearsay; statements which are not hearsay 

    § 27-802. Rule 802 Hearsay rule 

    § 27-803. Rule 803. Hearsay exceptions; enumerated; availability of declarant immaterial 

    § 27-804. Rule 804. Hearsay exceptions; enumerated; declarant unavailable; unavailability, defined 

    § 27-805. Rule 805. Hearsay within hearsay 

    § 27-806. Rule 806. Attacking and supporting credibility of declarant; opportunity to explain; examine declarant 

    ARTICLE 9. AUTHENTICATION AND IDENTIFICATION  

    § 27-901. Rule 901. Requirement of authentication or identification; general provision; illustrations and examples; … 

    § 27-902. Rule 902. Self-authentication; when 

    § 27-903. Rule 903. Subscribing witness testimony; when necessary 

    ARTICLE 10. CONTENTS OF WRITINGS, RECORDINGS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS

    § 27-1001. Rule 1001. Definitions; writings and recordings, photographs, original, and duplicate 

    § 27-1002. Rule 1002. Requirement of original; exception 

    § 27-1003. Rule 1003. Admissibility of duplicate; when 

    § 27-1004. Rule 1004. Admissibility of other evidence of contents; when 

    § 27-1005. Rule 1005. Public records; contents, how proved 

    § 27-1006. Rule 1006. Voluminous writings, recordings, or photographs; summaries; availability; orders 

    § 27-1007. Rule 1007. Contents of writings, recordings, or photographs; how proved 

    § 27-1008. Rule 1008. Functions of judge and jury 

    ARTICLE 11. MISCELLANEOUS RULES

    § 27-1101. Rule 1101. Applicability of rules; courts; proceedings generally; rules inapplicable; grand jury, … 

    § 27-1102. Rule 1102. Act, when effective 

    § 27-1103. Rule 1103. Act, how cited [Operative until January 1, 2010] 

    § 27-1103. Rule 1103. Act, how cited [Operative January 1, 2010] 

    ARTICLE 12. INADMISSIBILITY OF CERTAIN CONDUCT AS EVIDENCE 

    § 27-1201. Unanticipated outcome of medical care; civil action; health care provider or employee; use of certain … 

    ARTICLE 13. EVIDENCE OF VISUAL DEPICTION OF SEXUALLY EXPLICIT CONDUCT

    § 27-1301. Evidence of visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct; restrictions on care, custody, and control;