Texas Rules of Evidence


In Texas, the rules of evidence govern civil and criminal proceedings in all courts of Texas, including examining trials before magistrates, except small claims courts.  These rules, except with respect to privileges, do not apply in situations such as:

  • the determination of questions of fact preliminary to admissibility of evidence;
  • proceedings before grand juries;
  • proceedings in an application for habeas corpus in extradition, rendition, or interstate detainer;
  • a hearing under Code of Criminal Procedure article 46.02, by the court out of the presence of a jury, to determine whether there is sufficient evidence of incompetency;
  • proceedings regarding bail except hearings to deny, revoke or increase bail;
  • a hearing on justification for pretrial detention not involving bail;
  • proceedings for the issuance of a search or arrest warrant; or
  • proceedings in a direct contempt determination.

The Texas rules of evidence with respect to privileges apply at all stages of all actions, cases, and proceedings.

Table of Contents of Texas Rules of Evidence

    ARTICLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Rule 101 Title and Scope 

    Rule 102 Purpose and Construction 

    Rule 103 Rulings on Evidence 

    Rule 104 Preliminary Questions 

    Rule 105 Limited Admissibility 

    Rule 106 Remainder of or Related Writings or Recorded Statements 

    Rule 107 Rule of Optional Completeness 

    ARTICLE II. JUDICIAL NOTICE

    Rule 201 Judicial Notice of Adjudicative Facts 

    Rule 202 Determination of Law of Other States 

    Rule 203 Determination of the Laws of Foreign Countries 

    Rule 204 Determination of Texas City and County Ordinances, the Contents of the Texas Register, and the Rules of … 

    ARTICLE III. PRESUMPTIONS

    ARTICLE III. PRESUMPTIONS 

    ARTICLE IV. RELEVANCY AND ITS LIMITS

    Rule 401 Definition of “Relevant Evidence” 

    Rule 402 Relevant Evidence Generally Admissible; Irrelevant Evidence Inadmissible 

    Rule 403 Exclusion of Relevant Evidence on Special Grounds 

    Rule 404 Character Evidence Not Admissible to Prove Conduct; Exceptions; Other Crimes 

    Rule 405 Methods of Proving Character 

    Rule 406 Habit; Routine Practice 

    Rule 407 Subsequent Remedial Measures; Notification of Defect 

    Rule 408 Compromise and Offers to Compromise 

    Rule 409 Payment of Medical and Similar Expenses 

    Rule 410 Inadmissibility of Pleas, Plea Discussions and Related Statements 

    Rule 411 Liability Insurance 

    Rule 412 Evidence of Previous Sexual Conduct in Criminal Cases 

    ARTICLE V. PRIVILEGES

    Rule 501 Privileges Recognized Only As Provided 

    Rule 502 Required Reports Privileged by Statute 

    Rule 503 Lawyer-Client Privilege 

    Rule 504 Husband-Wife Privileges 

    Rule 505 Communication to Members of the Clergy 

    Rule 506 Political Vote 

    Rule 507 Trade Secrets 

    Rule 508 Identity of Informer 

    Rule 509 Physician-Patient Privilege 

    Rule 510 Confidentiality of Mental Health Information in Civil Cases 

    Rule 511 Waiver of Privilege by Voluntary Disclosure 

    Rule 512 Privileged Matter Disclosed Under Compulsion or Without Opportunity to Claim Privilege 

    Rule 513 Comment upon or Inference from Claim of Privilege; Instruction 

    ARTICLE VI. WITNESSES

    Rule 601 Competency and Incompetency of Witnesses 

    Rule 602 Lack of Personal Knowledge 

    Rule 603 Oath or Affirmation 

    Rule 604 Interpreters 

    Rule 605 Competency of Judge As a Witness 

    Rule 606 Competency of Juror As a Witness 

    Rule 607 Who May Impeach 

    Rule 608 Evidence of Character and Conduct of a Witness 

    Rule 609 Impeachment by Evidence of Conviction of Crime 

    Rule 610 Religious Beliefs or Opinions 

    Rule 611 Mode and Order of Interrogation and Presentation 

    Rule 612 Writing Used to Refresh Memory 

    Rule 613 Prior Statements of Witnesses: Impeachment and Support 

    Rule 614 Exclusion of Witnesses 

    Rule 615 Production of Statements of Witnesses in Criminal Cases 

    ARTICLE VII. OPINIONS AND EXPERT TESTIMONY 

    Rule 701 Opinion Testimony by Lay Witnesses 

    Rule 702 Testimony by Experts 

    Rule 703 Bases of Opinion Testimony by Experts 

    Rule 704 Opinion on Ultimate Issue 

    Rule 705 Disclosure of Facts or Data Underlying Expert Opinion 

    Rule 706 Audit in Civil Cases 

    ARTICLE VIII. HEARSAY

    Rule 801 Definitions 

    Rule 802 Hearsay Rule 

    Rule 803 Hearsay Exceptions; Availability of Declarant Immaterial 

    Rule 804 Hearsay Exceptions; Declarant Unavailable 

    Rule 805 Hearsay Within Hearsay 

    Rule 806 Attacking and Supporting Credibility of Declarant 

    ARTICLE IX. AUTHENTICATION AND IDENTIFICATION  

    Rule 901 Requirement of Authentication or Identification 

    Rule 902 Self-Authentication 

    Rule 903 Subscribing Witness’ Testimony Unnecessary 

    ARTICLE X. CONTENTS OF WRITINGS, RECORDINGS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS

    Rule 1001 Definitions 

    Rule 1002 Requirement of Originals 

    Rule 1003 Admissibility of Duplicates 

    Rule 1004 Admissibility of Other Evidence of Contents 

    Rule 1005 Public Records 

    Rule 1006 Summaries 

    Rule 1007 Testimony or Written Admission of Party 

    Rule 1008 Functions of Court and Jury 

    Rule 1009 Translation of Foreign Language Documents 

Texas Rules of Evidence