Utah Rules of Evidence


The Utah rules of evidence govern proceedings in the courts of Utah to the extent and with the exceptions stated in Rule 1101.  These rules apply to all actions and proceedings in the courts of Utah except as otherwise provided.  The rules other than with respect to privileges do not apply in situations such as:

  • Preliminary questions of fact;
  • Grand jury proceedings;
  • Miscellaneous proceedings for extradition, sentencing or granting or revocation of probation, issuance of warrants for arrest, criminal summonses and search warrants and proceedings with respect to release on bail or otherwise;
  • Contempt proceedings in which the court may act summarily.

Table of Contents of Utah Rules of Evidence

    Preliminary Note. 

    ARTICLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Rule 101. Scope. 

    Rule 102. Purpose and construction. 

    Rule 103. Rulings on evidence. 

    Rule 104. Preliminary questions. 

    Rule 105. Limited admissibility. 

    Rule 106. Remainder of or related writings or recorded statements. 

    ARTICLE II. JUDICIAL NOTICE

    Rule 201. Judicial notice of adjudicative facts. 

    ARTICLE III. PRESUMPTIONS

    Rule 301. Presumptions in general in civil actions and proceedings. 

    Rule 302. Applicability of federal law in civil actions and proceedings. 

    ARTICLE IV. RELEVANCY AND ITS LIMITS

    Rule 401. Definition of “relevant evidence”. 

    Rule 402. Relevant evidence generally admissible; irrelevant evidence inadmissible. 

    Rule 403. Exclusion of relevant evidence on grounds of prejudice, confusion, or waste of time. 

    Rule 404. Character evidence not admissible to prove conduct; exceptions; other crimes. 

    Rule 405. Methods of proving character. 

    Rule 406. Habit; routine practice. 

    Rule 407. Subsequent remedial measures. 

    Rule 408. Compromise and offers to compromise. 

    Rule 409. Payment of medical and similar expenses. 

    Rule 410. Inadmissibility of pleas, plea discussions, and related statements. 

    Rule 411. Liability insurance. 

    Rule 412. Admissibility of alleged victim’s sexual behavior or alleged sexual predisposition. 

    Rule 413. to 415. Reserved. 

    Rule 416. Violation of traffic code not admissible. 

    ARTICLE V. PRIVILEGES

    Rule 501. Privileges recognized. 

    Rule 502. Husband-wife. 

    Rule 503. Communications to clergy. 

    Rule 504. Lawyer-client. 

    Rule 505. Government informer. 

    Rule 506. Physician and mental health therapist-patient. 

    Rule 507. Miscellaneous matters. 

    Rule 508. Environmental self-evaluation privilege. 

    Rule 509. News reporters. 

    ARTICLE VI. WITNESSES

    Rule 601. General rule of competency.  

    Rule 602. Lack of personal knowledge. 

    Rule 603. Oath or affirmation. 

    Rule 604. Interpreters. 

    Rule 605. Competency of judge as witness. 

    Rule 606. Competency of juror as witness. 

    Rule 607. Who may impeach. 

    Rule 608. Evidence of character and conduct of witness. 

    Rule 609. Impeachment by evidence of conviction of crime. 

    Rule 610. Religious beliefs or opinions. 

    Rule 611. Mode and order of interrogation and presentation. 

    Rule 612. Writing used to refresh memory. 

    Rule 613. Prior statements of witnesses. 

    Rule 614. Calling and interrogation of witnesses by court. 

    Rule 615. Exclusion of witnesses. 

    ARTICLE VII. OPINIONS AND EXPERT TESTIMONY

    Rule 701. Opinion testimony by lay witnesses. 

    Rule 702. Testimony by experts. 

    Rule 703. Bases of opinion testimony by experts. 

    Rule 704. Opinion on ultimate issue. 

    Rule 705. Disclosure of facts or data underlying expert opinion. 

    Rule 706. Court-appointed experts. 

    ARTICLE VIII. HEARSAY

    Rule 801. Definitions. 

    Rule 802. Hearsay rule. 

    Rule 803. Hearsay exceptions; availability of declarant immaterial. 

    Rule 804. Hearsay exceptions; declarant unavailable. 

    Rule 805. Hearsay within hearsay. 

    Rule 806. Attacking and supporting credibility of declarant. 

    Rule 807. Other exceptions. 

    ARTICLE IX. AUTHENTICATION AND IDENTIFICATION

    Rule 901. Requirement of authentication or identification. 

    Rule 902. Self-authentication. 

    Rule 903. Subscribing witness’ testimony unnecessary. 

    ARTICLE X. CONTENTS OF WRITINGS, RECORDINGS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS

    Rule 1001. Definitions. 

    Rule 1002. Requirement of original. 

    Rule 1003. Admissibility of duplicates. 

    Rule 1004. Admissibility of other evidence of contents. 

    Rule 1005. Public records. 

    Rule 1006. Summaries. 

    Rule 1007. Testimony or written admission of party. 

    Rule 1008. Functions of court and jury. 

    ARTICLE XI. MISCELLANEOUS RULES

    Rule 1101. Applicability of rules. 

    Rule 1102. Reliable hearsay in criminal preliminary examinations 

    Rule 1103. Title. 

Utah Rules of Evidence