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Washington Rules of Civil Procedure

In Washington a civil action commences with the filing of a complaint.  Party who commences the civil action is called the plaintiff, and the opposite party is called the defendant.  Once a civil action is filed, the court clerk will issue the required summons to the defendant(s).  A civil action can be classified into various stages that include: pleading stage, discovery stage, trial stage, and judgment stage.

Pleadings in Washington courts are classified as: complaint, answer to complaint, counter claim, reply to counterclaim, cross claim, reply to cross claim, third party complaint and answer to third party answer.  A civil action should be filed by the real party in interest.  If the real party in interest is a minor or incompetent person, the person’s representative should file the complaint.  The courts, if found necessary will appoint a guardian ad litem to represent the minor or incompetent person.

Parties may obtain discovery by depositions upon oral examination or written questions; written interrogatories; production of documents or things or permission to enter upon land or other property, for inspection and other purposes; physical and mental examinations; and requests for admission.

A judgment is passed after trial.  The judgment may include a decree or an order upon which an appeal is permissible.

Washington Rules of Civil Procedure

Inside Washington Rules of Civil Procedure