New Hampshire Rules of Evidence

In New Hampshire, the rules of evidence govern proceedings in the courts of the State of New Hampshire, to the extent and with the exceptions stated in Rule 1101.  The rules apply to the proceedings in the district courts, probate courts, superior court, and the Supreme Court.  These rules apply generally to all civil and criminal proceedings unless otherwise provided by the constitution or statutes.  The rule with respect to privileges applies at all stages of all actions, cases, and proceedings.

The rules other than with respect to privileges do not apply in situations such as:

  • Preliminary questions of fact;
  • Proceedings before grand juries; and
  • Miscellaneous proceedings such as proceedings for extradition or rendition; sentencing, or granting or revoking probation; issuance of warrants for arrest, criminal summonses, and search warrants; proceedings with respect to release on bail or otherwise; contempt proceedings in which the court may act summarily; proceedings with respect to parole revocation or probation violations; divorce cases; and domestic violence proceedings.

Table of Contents of New Hampshire Rules of Evidence

NEW HAMPSHIRE RULES OF EVIDENCE

    Note 

    ARTICLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Rule 100. Adoption and Effective Date; Effect Upon Common Law 

    Rule 101. Scope 

    Rule 102. Purpose and Construction 

    Rule 103. Rulings on Evidence 

    Rule 104. Preliminary Questions 

    Rule 105. Limited Admissibility 

    Rule 106. Remainder of or Related Writings or Recorded Statements 

    ARTICLE II. JUDICIAL NOTICE

    Rule 201. Judicial Notice 

    ARTICLE III. PRESUMPTIONS

    Rule 301. Presumptions 

    ARTICLE IV. RELEVANCY AND ITS LIMITS 

    Rule 401. Definition of “Relevant Evidence” 

    Rule 402. Relevant Evidence Generally Admissible; Irrelevant Evidence Inadmissible 

    Rule 403. Exclusion of Relevant Evidence on Grounds of Prejudice, Confusion or Waste of Time 

    Rule 404. Character Evidence Not Admissible To Prove Conduct; Exceptions; Other Crimes 

    Rule 405. Methods of Proving Character 

    Rule 406. Habit; Routine Practice 

    Rule 407. Subsequent Remedial Measures 

    Rule 408. Compromise and Offers To Compromise 

    Rule 409. Payment of Medical and Similar Expenses 

    Rule 410. Inadmissibility of Pleas, Plea Discussions, and Related Statements 

    Rule 411. Liability Insurance 

    Rule 412. Evidence of Prior Sexual Activity 

    ARTICLE V. PRIVILEGES

    Rule 501. Privileges Recognized Only as Provided 

    Rule 502. Lawyer-Client Privilege 

    Rule 503. Patient’s Privilege 

    Rule 504. Husband and Wife Privilege 

    Rule 505. Religious Privilege 

    Rule 506. Reserved. 

    Rule 507. Trade Secrets 

    Rule 508. Reserved. 

    Rule 509. Identity of Informer 

    Rule 510. Waiver of Privilege by Voluntary Disclosure 

    Rule 511. Privileged Matter Disclosed Under Compulsion or Without Opportunity To Claim Privilege 

    Rule 512. Comment Upon or Inference From Claim of Privilege: Instruction 

    ARTICLE VI. WITNESSES  

    Rule 601. General Rule of Competency 

    Rule 602. Lack of Personal Knowledge 

    Rule 603. Oath or Affirmation 

    Rule 604. Interpreters 

    Rule 605. Reserved. 

    Rule 606. Competency of Juror as Witness 

    Rule 607. Who May Impeach 

    Rule 608. Evidence of Character and Conduct of Witness 

    Rule 609. Impeachment by Evidence of Conviction of Crime 

    Rule 610. Religious Beliefs or Opinions 

    Rule 611. Mode and Order of Interrogation and Presentation 

    Rule 612. Writing or Object Used To Refresh Memory 

    Rule 613. Prior Statements of Witnesses 

    Rule 614. Interrogation of Witnesses by Court 

    Rule 615. Exclusion of Witnesses 

    ARTICLE VII. OPINIONS AND EXPERT TESTIMONY

    Rule 701. Opinion Testimony by Lay Witnesses 

    Rule 702. Testimony by Experts 

    Rule 703. Bases of Opinion Testimony by Experts 

    Rule 704. Opinion on Ultimate Issue 

    Rule 705. Disclosure of Facts or Data Underlying Expert Opinion 

    Rule 706. Reserved. 

    ARTICLE VIII. HEARSAY

    Rule 801. Definitions 

    Rule 802. Hearsay 

    Rule 803. Hearsay Exceptions; Availability of Declarant Immaterial 

    Rule 804. Hearsay Exceptions; Declarant Unavailable 

    Rule 805. Hearsay Within Hearsay 

    Rule 806. Attacking and Supporting Credibility of Declarant 

    ARTICLE IX. AUTHENTICATION AND IDENTIFICATION

    Rule 901. Requirement of Authentication or Identification 

    Rule 902. Self-authentication 

    Rule 903. Subscribing Witness’ Testimony Unnecessary 

    ARTICLE X. CONTENTS OF WRITINGS, RECORDINGS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS

    Rule 1001. Definitions 

    Rule 1002. Requirement of Original 

    Rule 1003. Admissibility of Duplicates 

    Rule 1004. Admissibility of Other Evidence of Contents 

    Rule 1005. Public Records 

    Rule 1006. Summaries 

    Rule 1007. Testimony or Written Admission of Party 

    Rule 1008. Functions of Court and Jury 

    ARTICLE XI. MISCELLANEOUS RULES 

    Rule 1101. Applicability of Rules 

    Rule 1102. Amendments 

    Rule 1103. Title 

    TABLE OF STATUTES IMPACTING RULES OF EVIDENCE 

New Hampshire Rules of Evidence


Inside New Hampshire Rules of Evidence