North Carolina Rules of Evidence

The North Carolina Rules of Evidence govern proceedings in the courts of the state to the extent and with the exceptions stated in Rule 1101.  The rules apply to all actions and proceedings in the courts of North Carolina except as otherwise provided by statute.

The rules other than those with respect to privileges do not apply in situations such as:

  • Preliminary questions of fact;
  • Proceedings before grand juries;
  • Miscellaneous proceedings such as proceedings for extradition or rendition; first appearance before district court judge or probable cause hearing in criminal cases; sentencing, or granting or revoking probation; issuance of warrants for arrest, criminal summonses, and search warrants; proceedings with respect to release on bail or otherwise; and
  • Contempt proceedings in which the court is authorized by law to act summarily.

Table of Contents of North Carolina Rules of Evidence

CHAPTER 8C. EVIDENCE CODE

    § 8C-1. RULES OF EVIDENCE

    ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Rule 101. Scope 

    Rule 102. Purpose and construction 

    Rule 103. Rulings on evidence 

    Rule 104. Preliminary questions 

    Rule 105. Limited admissibility 

    Rule 106. Remainder of or related writings or recorded statements 

    ARTICLE 2. JUDICIAL NOTICE

    Rule 201. Judicial notice of adjudicative facts 

    ARTICLE 3. PRESUMPTIONS IN CIVIL ACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS 

    Rule 301. Presumptions in general in civil actions and proceedings 

    Rule 302. Applicability of federal law in civil actions and proceedings 

    ARTICLE 4. RELEVANCY AND ITS LIMITS

    Rule 401. Definition of “relevant evidence.” 

    Rule 402. Relevant evidence generally admissible; irrelevant evidence inadmissible 

    Rule 403. Exclusion of relevant evidence on grounds of prejudice, confusion, or waste of time 

    Rule 404. Character evidence not admissible to prove conduct; exceptions; other crimes 

    Rule 405. Methods of proving character 

    Rule 406. Habit; routine practice 

    Rule 407. Subsequent remedial measures 

    Rule 408. Compromise and offers to compromise 

    Rule 409. Payment of medical and other expenses 

    Rule 410. Inadmissibility of pleas, plea discussions, and related statements 

    Rule 411. Liability insurance 

    Rule 412. Rape or sex offense cases; relevance of victim’s past behavior 

    Rule 413. Medical actions; statements to ameliorate or mitigate adverse outcome. 

    ARTICLE 5. PRIVILEGES

    Rule 501. General rule 

    ARTICLE 6. WITNESSES

    Rule 601. General rule of competency; disqualification of witness 

    Rule 602. Lack of personal knowledge 

    Rule 603. Oath or affirmation 

    Rule 604. Interpreters 

    Rule 605. Competency of judge as witness 

    Rule 606. Competency of juror as witness 

    Rule 607. Who may impeach 

    Rule 608. Evidence of character and conduct of witness 

    Rule 609. Impeachment by evidence of conviction of crime 

    Rule 610. Religious beliefs or opinions 

    Rule 611. Mode and order of interrogation and presentation 

    Rule 612. Writing or object used to refresh memory 

    Rule 613. Prior statements of witnesses 

    Rule 614. Calling and interrogation of witnesses by court 

    Rule 615. Exclusion of witnesses 

    Rule 616. Alternative testimony of witnesses with developmental disabilities or mental retardation in civil cases … 

    ARTICLE 7. OPINIONS AND EXPERT TESTIMONY

    Rule 701. Opinion testimony by lay witness 

    Rule 702. Testimony by experts 

    Rule 703. Bases of opinion testimony by experts 

    Rule 704. Opinion on ultimate issue 

    Rule 705. Disclosure of facts or data underlying expert opinion 

    Rule 706. Court appointed experts 

    ARTICLE 8. HEARSAY

    Rule 801. Definitions and exception for admissions of a party-opponent 

    Rule 802. Hearsay rule 

    Rule 803. Hearsay exceptions; availability of declarant immaterial 

    Rule 804. Hearsay exceptions; declarant unavailable 

    Rule 805. Hearsay within hearsay 

    Rule 806. Attacking and supporting credibility of declarant 

    ARTICLE 9. AUTHENTICATION AND IDENTIFICATION 

    Rule 901. Requirement of authentication or identification 

    Rule 902. Self-authentication 

    Rule 903. Subscribing witness’ testimony unnecessary 

    ARTICLE 10. CONTENTS OF WRITINGS, RECORDINGS AND PHOTOGRAPHS

    Rule 1001. Definitions 

    Rule 1002. Requirement of original 

    Rule 1003. Admissibility of duplicates 

    Rule 1004. Admissibility of other evidence of contents 

    Rule 1005. Public records 

    Rule 1006. Summaries 

    Rule 1007. Testimony or written admission of party 

    Rule 1008. Functions of court and jury 

    ARTICLE 11. MISCELLANEOUS RULES 

    Rule 1101. Applicability of rules 

    Rule 1102. Short title 

North Carolina Rules of Evidence


Inside North Carolina Rules of Evidence